Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Speech Delivered at Barnwell C.H., S.C., October 29, 1858 >> Page 343

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Page 343

Speech | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 343
in its love of money than even in its devotion to
negroes. But this is a self-imposed vassalage. Through
the privileges which our southern legislatures have
granted to our innumerable banks, we are made tribu-
tary to New York, which is itself tributary to London,
the great world centre of exchanges in our age. Thus,
by our own acts, we pay double tribute, though nearly
all the trade of the United States with England is
based on southern products.
Thus has the South, by her energy and ability,
disposed of the capital grievances against which she
protested—with almost half her public men against
her in 1828. During this time our opponents have
twice wrested the government from us, and inflicted
other injuries, but they were soon stripped of their
power and their acts repealed. Only four times since
the organization of this government has the North had
possession of it, and in each case only for one term.
The North has never united long on any policy. The
injuries inflicted on the South have been mainly in-
flicted by her own ambitious, factious and divided
public men, and our history proves that no man and no
measure has yet been strong enough to stand against
the South when united. I believe none ever will.
But it is thought that the abolitionists will inevita-
bly get the power of this .government permanently
into their hands, and, backed by the opinion of the
world, use it for our destruction. Let us consider the
facts. From the time that the wise and good Las
Casas first introduced into America the institution of
African slavery I say institution, because it is the
oldest that exists, and will, I believe, survive all others
that flourish it has had its enemies. For a long