Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Speech Delivered at Barnwell C.H., S.C., October 29, 1858 >> Page 346

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Page 346

Speech | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 346
mental principle of the subordination of the inferior
to the superior man as made by God ; and especially
of the colored to the white races. It is, I say, only
through the evils that this superstition may bring
upon other peoples, and especially on those of the
North and of Europe, with whom we are so closely
connected, that the South can be materially damaged
by it, standing as she now does, firm, assured, united.
How, then, is it with others ?
Permit me to say that, in my opinion, the tide of
f abolition fanaticism has begun to ebb everywhere, and
will never rise again. When the English freed the
negroes in their colonies, it was not wholly a senti-
mental movement, dictated by political radicals and
the saints of Exeter Hall. Her statesmen, in their
ignorance, thought that what was called free labor
that is, " wages slavery "—would succeed in tropical
culture as well or better than slave labor. In their
arrogance they believed also that all the world must
follow their example in this silly scheme of abolition ;
and that from her great wealth and world-encircling
colonies, the monopoly of cotton and sugar culture
would fall into the hands of England, Nature, and
the indomitable spirit and intellect of the South, have
disappointed all their calculations. The South still
flourishes, and cotton and sugar, and coffee and rice
and tobacco, are still the heritage of the slaveholders.
Galled by their utter dependence upon us for cot-
ton, without the free use of which they would both
tumble into ruin in a day, England, and France, who,
in her frequent frenzies, at length destroyed all her
colonies by emancipation, have ransacked the universe
to find climes and soils adapted to the cheap growth