Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Speech Delivered at Barnwell C.H., S.C., October 29, 1858 >> Page 347

image of pageExplore Inside

Page 347

Speech | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 347
of this great staple. They have failed everywhere. It
is not that the soils and climates do not exist ; but
that this and the other great agricultural staples, sugar,
rice, tobacco, coffee, can never be produced as articles
of wide extended commerce, except by slave labor.
This they at length found out. But such labor they
had repudiated everywhere. No, not everywhere.
Not in France nor in Great Britain, where they still
hold as sacred splendid thrones and palmy aristocracies
amid starving laborers. Only for outside barbarians
they ordained freedom and equality. But failing in
all their schemes, and finding that, with all their costly
expenditures and high sounding manifestoes, they had
simply ruined their own colonies, and made themselves
the vassals of the slaveholders, what have they done ?
Why, renewed the slave trade. Not in name. Oh,
no! Exeter Hall and the Parliament Houses still
thunder execrations against that ; while the colonists,
under governmental protection, and with English
money, wrung by taxation from her " wages slaves,"
are importing by hundreds of thousands Chinese and
Hindoo Coolies, under conditions compared with which
the Algerine slavery of the last century was merciful.
They do not hold and support them as we do our
slaves, for better, for worse, in sickness and health, in
childhood and old age. No ; in their prime of life
they seduce them from their homes, transport them to
distant and unwholesome climes ; for the merest pit-
tance of wages, consume their best years in the severest
labors, and then turn them out to die the direst
slavery that brutal man has ever instituted. France,
less sensitive having no Exeter Hall embracing the
same scheme, resorts to Africa, and openly makes pun