Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Speech Delivered at Barnwell C.H., S.C., October 29, 1858 >> Page 356

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Page 356

Speech | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 356
Union, and control it, as her safety requires that she
should, in some essential particulars, if she does remain
in it, she must conciliate her northern allies. She
must be just, kind and true to all who are true to
truth and to her. But if she determines, and when-
ever she determines, to throw off her northern friends
and dissolve this Union, I need scarcely say that I
shall, without hesitation, go with her fully and faith-
fully. I do not for a moment doubt that, in or out of
this TTnion, she can sustain herself among the foremost
nations of the earth. All that she requires is the
union of her own people, and 'happily they never were
at any former period so united and harmonious as now.
A homogeneous people, with our social and industrial
institutions the same everywhere, and all our great
interests identical, we should always have been united
in our moral and political opinions and policy. The
ambitious dissensions of the host of brilliant men
whose names adorn our annals, have heretofore kept
us apart. The abolitionists have, at length, forced
upon us a knowledge of our true position, and com-
pelled us into union an union not for aggression, but
for defence ; purely conservative of the Constitution
and the constitutional rights of every section and of
every man. The union of these States, from the
Canadas to the Rio Grande, and from shore to shore
of the two great oceans of the globe, whatever splendor
may encircle it, is but a policy and not a principle.
It is subordinate to rights and interests. But the
union of the slaveholders of the South is a principle
involving all our rights and all our interests. Let that
union be perfect and perpetual. It constitutes our
strength, our safety and prosperity. Let us frown