Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Speech on the Relations of the States, Delivered in the Senate of the United States, May 21, 1860 >> Page 358

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Speech | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription SPI+;ECFI
ON THE RELATIONS OF THE STATES, DELIVERED IN ,THE SENATE ;OF
THE UNITED STATES, MAY 21, 1860.
The Senate having under consideration the resolu-
tions submitted by Mr. Davis on the 1st of March, rel-
ative to the relations of the States, and the rights of
persons and property in the Territories, and the duty
of protecting slave property in the Territories, when a
necessity- for so doing shall exist Mr. Hammond said :
MR. PRESIDENT : I feel reluctant to trespass on the
time of the Senate, and to follow up with a dry con-
stitutional argument the able, eloquent, and stirring
speech of the Senator from Georgia ; but I have a few
words to say, and may as well go on this afternoon.
If I understand it aright, the precise question be-
fore the Senate is simply this : Have the territorial
governments established by Congress, the power to
define and declare what shall be and what shall not
be property within the territorial boundaries ? Those
who advocate the resolution offered by the Senator
from Mississippi, deny that the Territories have such
power. Those who oppose the resolutions maintain
that they have. Both parties will agree, of course, that
the power to define and declare what is property is su-