Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Speech on the Relations of the States, Delivered in the Senate of the United States, May 21, 1860 >> Page 366

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Page 366

Speech | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 366
the different sections of the Territory might be sup-
posed to require ? Thus it would have ample oppor-
tunity to attend to all its wants here, and share in all
the honors of the Government except the very highest,
while its government, in all its branches, would be
carried on at the cost of the General Government, and
its people would be protected by the arms of the
United States. More than this : as the Federal Con-
stitution does not authorize Congress to define property,
if the definition given to it by each sovereign State is
not to prevail in the Territories, then, if they can
exclude or confiscate one kind of property, they can
exclude or confiscate any kind of property. Thus the
coal and iron of Pennsylvania, the cotton and woolen
manufactures of New England, the grain and provisions
of the Northwest, in short, the staples and manufac-
tures, and even shipping of every section, might be
declared not to-be property in a Territory, and as the
major includes the minor proposition, might be con-
fiscated or heavily taxed. And if it be agreed that
the Territories shall not be bound to consider as
property what the sovereign States, or any one of them,
declares to be property, then much less will the States
themselves be bound to respect it ; and that agreed
on, this " more perfect Union" of these States will
subside into a condition not at all better than that of
the old Confederacy, if, in fact, half so good.
I will not pursue the subject farther. The Senate
is weary of it, the country is weary of it, and I, myself,
am so weary of it that I have not listened or read,
when it was the topic, for months. I have presented
it now briefly, and in only one point of view ; and
even that I do not fully carry out. I have said enough,