Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Explanatory Notes >> Page 372

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Documents | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 372 EXPLANATORY NOTES
ent Chester County, had been purchased by the federal
government in 1802 as the site for a proposed arsenal. The
arsenal was never constructed, and the land was reacquired by
the state.
93.16 "M. Tuomey, Esq.": Michael Tuomey (1805—1857) pro-
duced a Report on the Geological and Agricultural Survey of
the State of South Carolina (1844).
94.23 "the Compromise Act": The tariff law of 1833, passed by
Congress as a part of the resolution of the nullification contro-
versy, provided for step-by-step reduction in the rates of the
tariff on imported goods.
97.17–19 "the Electors of President and Vice-President are
chosen by the people, in all the Southern States except our
own": According to the Constitution of the United States,
presidential electors are to be selected in each state "in such
manner as the Legislature thereof may direct." By 1844 South
Carolina was the only state in which electors were still chosen
by the legislature itself rather than by some form of popular
vote.
99.26 "the female sovereign of a petty island at the antip-
odes": Queen Pomari of Tahiti was intimidated by a gunboat
into accepting a French protectorate over her domain in 1842.
99.30 "kingdom on the Musquito shore": In 1840 the king of the
Moskitos made a will naming a British official at Belize,
Honduras, as regent of his territory.
101.17–18 "a pious Bishop of the South": James O. Andrews,
Bishop of Georgia, was suspended by the General Conference
of the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1844. In the aftermath of
this incident the church split into northern and southern
organizations.
102.1–2 "the organized Abolition vote might decide the pending
Presidential election": This prediction was accurate. James G.
Birney, presidential candidate of the Liberty Party, diverted
sufficient votes from Henry Clay, the Whig candidate, in New
York to give that state by plurality to James K. Polk, Demo-
crat. Polk defeated Clay by the margin of the New York
electoral votes. Thus, in effect, the Liberty Party held the
balance in the national election and was able to penalize the
Whigs for being insufficiently responsive.

LETTER TO THE FREE CHURCH OF GLASGOW

105.1 "Sir": The letter is addressed to "the Rev. Thomas
Brown, D.D., Moderator of the Free Church of Glasgow, and
to the Presbytery thereof," as is made clear on page 113.