Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Explanatory Notes >> Page 376

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Documents | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 376 EXPLANATORY NOTES
189.13 "Hic niger est, hunc tu, Romane caveto": From Horace:
That man is a knave, Roman, beware of him.
189.22 "Mormon murders" : Antagonism between Mormon set-
tlers at Nauvoo, Illinois, and non-Mormons led to riots in
which the Mormon leader Joseph Smith and his brother were
murdered in June, 1844.
189.22–23 "the Philadelphia riots": Anti-Catholic, anti-Irish
rioting took place in May and again in July, 1844.
189.27 "the insurrection of Rebecca": A series of riots against toll
roads in Wales which continued from 1839 to 1844, so called
because rioters often disguised themselves in women's
clothes.
189.28 "war in Scinde": The First Afghan War, 1839–1841, be-
tween Britain and the Moslem rulers of Afghanistan, which led
to the conquest of the Sind (sic) region by Britain.
189.31–32 "late detected espionage": Sir James Robert Graham,
British Home Secretary, had been exposed as having ordered
the opening of private mail by postal authorities.
192.18 "recent Presidential election": See note 102.1–2.
194.26 "Mr. Burke": Edmund Burke (1729–1797), statesman ac-
tive in mobilizing British opinion against the French
Revolution.
194.27 "damnun nondum factum" : The "damage not yet done"
(but so certain as to warrant response).
195–196.note "M. Jollivet" : Adolphe Jollivet (1799–1848) was a
member of the French Chamber of Deputies for the West
Indian island of Martinique and one of the leading spokesmen
against emancipation in the French colonies. The question he
put to England translates as: "Why has your philanthropy, up
to now, not reached beyond the Cape of Good Hope?"
198.3 "George Fox": The founder of the English Quakers.
198.4 "Joanna Southcote": An English mystic and religious fa-
natic (1750--1814) who assumed the right to certify those who
were to be saved in the next life.
198.4 "Joe Smith": Joseph Smith (1805–1855), founder of the
Mormons.

ORATION BEFORE THE TWO SOCIETIES
OF SOUTH CAROLINA COLLEGE

199. heading "Two Societies": The Clariosophic and Euphradian
Societies were student organizations. They were partly social
and partly assumed functions later undertaken by student body
governments, but their primary function was training in debate
and oratory. Hammond had been president of the Euphradian
Society in 1825.