Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Explanatory Notes >> Page 377

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Documents | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription EXPLANATORY NOTES 377
200.16 "Lord Bacon": Francis Bacon (1561-1626), English states-
man and philosopher who attacked reliance on authority for
knowledge and proposed instead inductive inquiry.
202.2 "Paracelsus" : Phillipus Aureolus von Hohenheim (1493
1541), Swiss alchemist, physician, and pharmacologist.
202.3 "Agricola": Georg Bauer (1494—1555) classified min-
erals by their physical properties in his De Natura Fossilium
and also studied mining and smelting.
202.12 "experimentum crucis": Test of torture, i.e., test by use
or experimentation.
202.20 "Tubal Cain": According to Genesis, Tubal Cain was the
first bronzeworker and blacksmith.
204.24 "Ghilanese" : Ghilan was a Persian province on the
Caspian Sea.
204.30 "descendants of Japheth" : Japheth was the youngest and
most blessed son of Noah and the proverbial progenitor of
Western Europeans.
208.8 "the Georgics of the mind": Virgil's Georgics idealize the
labors and experiences of agriculture and rural life.
209.20 "seen all Europe rise in arms": A reference to the revo-
lutions of 1848.
210.17 "mounds of Nimrod" : These marked the site of Nine-
veh, capital of the Assyrian Empire in the 8th century B.C.
The city was excavated by Henry Layard during 1845-1851.
210.32 "Palenque": A Mayan city that flourished in the 7th
century A.D.
211.1 "fortifications of the Scioto valley": A series of burial
mounds constructed by pre-Columbian Indians in Ohio. The
structures were in the 19th century commonly attributed to a
lost race.
211.15 "Jason of Pherae" : A minor tyrant of the 4th century B.C.
who dreamed of leading all Greece against the Persian Empire.
212.17 "mortua capites": Literally: dead heads; that is, relics,
or symbols of terror.
214.13 "Suarez": Francisco Suarez (1548-1617), Spanish scho-
lastic philosopher, argued that people should choose their own
governments and approved tyrannicide.
214.15-16 "Buchanan": George Buchanan (1506-1582), Scottish
214.18 "Bodin": Jean Bodin (1530-1596), French political phi-
215.33 "Dr. Arnold": Thomas Arnold (1795-1842), English
schoolmaster and classical scholar. He was the father of
Matthew Arnold.
216.29 "Paley": William Paley (1743-1805), professor at Cam-
bridge, was the author of Evidences of Christianity (1794) and