Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Explanatory Notes >> Page 378

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Page 378

Documents | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 378 EXPLANATORY NOTES
Natural Theology (1802), works that were famous in the 19th
century.
219.16 Greek: Immortal struggle.
220.10-11 "Hill of Mars" and "Egerian Grove": Hallowed spots
within ancient Rome.
220.29 Greek: Logos.
229.11 "paixhan balls": In 1824 General Henri Paixhan, a French
artillerist, substituted gunpowder-filled exploding projectiles
for solid shot.
ORATION ON JOHN C. CALHOUN

232.30 "The Man is now no more": Calhoun had died on
March 31, 1850.
237.10 "Lowndes, Cheves, Williams": William Lowndes, Lang-
don Cheves, and David R. Williams of South Carolina were
considered among the most able "War Hawk" members of the
House of Representatives. Lowndes was nominated for
President by the South Carolina legislature in 1821 but died the
next year. Cheves was Speaker of the U.S. House of Repre-
sentatives and the able President of the Bank of the United
States. Williams became Governor and a pioneer cotton manu-
facturer.
237.29 "the Eastern States": That is, New England.
238.9 "The Guerriere, the Java, and the Macedonian" : Brit-
ish vessels subjected to unprecedented defeats by American
ships during the War of 1812.
238.note: "Chever": Misprint for "Cheves."
241.13-14 "so fiercely agitated" : Hammond refers to the contro-
versy during the 1830's between President Andrew Jackson
and the second Bank of the United States and to the Panic of
1837 which ensued.
242.16 "Mr. Gallatin" : Albert Gallatin was Secretary of the
Treasury 1801-1814, not Secretary of War.
243.4 "Message of Mr. Monroe": In 1822 President James
Monroe had vetoed the Cumberland Road Bill on the ground
that appropriations for internal improvements were not within
the constitutional power of Congress. However, he stated that
he approved the general idea of internal improvements if a
constitutional amendment were passed granting the power to
Congress. In his annual message to Congress in 1823, Monroe
suggested that several canal projects, being clearly national in
scope, might be the proper subjects of Congressional legis-
lation.
243.5 "celebrated speech of Mr. McDuffie" : In a speech on Feb-
ruary 4 and 5, 1824, George McDuffie, a close associate of