Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Explanatory Notes >> Page 380

image of pageExplore Inside

Page 380

Documents | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 380 EXPLANATORY NOTES
271.18–19 "A Republican President was elected": That is, James
K. Polk, Democrat. See the immediately preceding note.
273.13–16 "the Convention . . . was not to be constituted on prin-
ciples analogous to the Constitution": Calhoun in effect
wanted each State's delegation to the national convention to
reflect the distribution of viewpoints within that state, rather
than allowing a simple majority to elect all of the state's dele-
gates.
274.6 "Mr. Calhoun's successor": James Buchanan suc-
ceeded Calhoun as Secretary of State.
274.20 "Judge Huger": Daniel Elliott Huger (1779-1854), Sena-
tor from South Carolina 1843–1845.
277.9 "elevation of one of its successful Generals" : Zachary
Taylor, elected President as the Whig candidate in 1848.
280.9 "in that election, they held the balance of power": See
note 102.1–2.
285.5 "Mr. Mason": James Murray Mason, Senator from Vir-
ginia 1847–1861, later Confederate Minister to Great Britain.
287.17 "Anacharsis": An advisor to the Athenian lawgiver
Solon. His alleged maxims were often quoted by Cicero.
290.27–28 "he would have been a Publicola . . . Cato .. .
Gracchus": Exemplary performers of the different major
offices of republican Rome.
294.23 "The Astronomer": Anaxagoras.
294.25 "successful Usurper": The earlist written versions of
Homer date from the reign of Peisistratus who usurped the
government of Athens during 560–510 B.C.
299.15 "Agis, Conon and the younger Brutus": Agis IV, King of
Sparta in 230 B.C., attempted to restore the ancient law codes
of Lycurgus, but was captured and executed by his co-king,
Leonidas. Marcus Junius Brutus, one of the assassins of Julius
Caesar, failed to restore the Roman republic. Conon (died 392
B.C.) was an Athenian general who failed to defeat the
Spartans. However, it is not impossible that "Conon" is a mis-
print for Cimon, a much better known Athenian (died 449
B.C.) who failed in opposing damaging changes to the consti-
tution.

SPEECH ON THE ADMISSION OF KANSAS

301.6 "the Senator from Illinois": Stephen A. Douglas, who had
broken with the Democratic majority in the Senate to oppose
the admission of Kansas under the Lecompton (pro-slavery)
constitution.