Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Explanatory Notes >> Page 382

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Documents | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 382 EXPLANATORY NOTES
326.12 "The Supreme Court has recently pronounced it uncon-
stitutional": A reference to the Dred Scott decision of 1857.
327.9 "Green Proviso" : Senator James S. Green of Missouri had
managed the efforts of the James Buchanan administration to
secure approval of the Lecompton Constitution in the Senate.
By the "Green Proviso" Hammond apparently means the pro-
vision of the original Senate bill granting 23 million acres of
public lands to the Kansas legislature.
327.18–19 "Crittenden substitute" : Proposed by Senator John J.
Crittenden of Kentucky, a Whig, and Representative William
Montgomery of Pennsylvania, a Democrat.
327.24 "English Bill": Introduced by Representative William H.
English of Indiana, Democrat, with the backing of the
Buchanan administration.
330.10 "Judge Douglas" : See note 301.6.
333.4 "prohibitory clause": The provision mentioned on page
328, lines 20–25.
341.2 "the democracy": The Democratic Party.
341.16–17 "all federalists, all republicans" : See note 246.7–9.
Hammond clearly means to ascribe Jefferson's words to James
Monroe, as the preceding reference to "thirty years ago"
makes clear.
343.16 "only four times" : The administrations of John Adams,
John Quincy Adams, Martin Van Buren, and Millard Fillmore.
343.29-30 "wise and good Las Casas": Bartolomeo De Las
Casas (1474–1566), Bishop of Chiabas, at the same time
opposed the enslavement of Indians by the Spanish and advo-
cated the use of African slaves in the New World.
344.16 "Clays, Marshalls, Crawfords": Henry Clay, John
Marshall, and William Harris Crawford of Georgia, with many
other prominent Southerners, had supported the colonization
of freed slaves outside the United States prior to the ap-
pearance of abolitionism in the 1830's.
346.15 "the saints of Exeter Hall": Exeter Hall was a London
meeting place for evangelical societies, notably the Clapham
Group whose membership included many prominent British
abolitionists. The Parliamentary members of the Clapham
Group were often referred to as "saints."
346.30–31 "France, who, in her frequent frenzies": Slavery was
abolished temporarily during the French Revolution,
reinstated by Napoleon, and finally abolished in French
colonies in 1848.
347.23 "Algerine slavery" : The enslavement of Christians by the
Barbary pirates of North Africa. Such slaves could hope only