Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Explanatory Notes >> Page 383

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Documents | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription EXPLANATORY NOTES 383
to be employed in the galleys or treated as commodities for
sale.
348.18 "Brougham": Henry Peter Brougham, Lord Brougham
and Vaux (1778-1868), had been a leader of the Parliamentary
abolition forces.
348.18 "Palmerston": Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palm-
erston (1784-1865), was another Parliamentary supporter of
emancipation. He was Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
1830–1841 and 1846-1851. As Prime Minister during the
American Civil War he was unsympathetic to the Confederate
cause.
348.18 "Russell": Lord John Russell, 1st Earl Russell (1792-
1878), British Prime Minister 1846-1851.
348.20 "son of Wilberforce": Samuel Wilberforce (1803-
1873), son of the abolitionist William Wilberforce, was, as
Bishop of Oxford and Winchester, a member of the House of
Lords.
350.8 "Peter Hermits": See note 118.32.
350.8–9 "their Godfreys, their Baldwins, their lion-hearted
Richards": Military leaders of the First and Second Crusades
in the 11th and 12th centuries: Godfrey of Bouillon, three
generations of Baldwins who were kings of Jerusalem, and
Richard I of England.
350.11 "Louis IX": St. Louis, King of France, who died lead-
ing a crusade in 1270.
350.23 "Sewards, Hales, Wades, Wilsons, Chases": William H.
Seward of New York, John P. Hale of New Hampshire,
Benjamin F. Wade of Ohio, Henry Wilson of Massachusetts,
and Salmon P. Chase of Ohio, all free-soil politicians.
350.26–27 "the President, Dickinson, Bright, Pugh, Douglas":
President James Buchanan, former Senator Daniel S. Dickin-
son of New York, Senators Jesse D. Bright of Indiana, George
E. Pugh of Ohio, and Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois, all Demo-
cratic politicians usually sympathetic to the South.
350.32–33 "Smiths, Tappans, Garrisons, and Parkers" : Aboli-
tionists like Gerrit Smith, Arthur and Lewis Tappan, William
Lloyd Garrison, and Theodore Parker, as distinct from the
free-soil politicians mentioned in 350.23.
353.31 "martyrdom was consummated before the adjourn-
ment": Perhaps a reference to Democratic Senators George
W. Jones of Iowa and William Wright of New Jersey who were
replaced by Republicans in the 1858 elections.
354.22 "federal consolidationists" : The term carries intimations
of the Federalist Party.