Wlliam Gilmore Simms
South-Carolina in the Revolutionary War >> South-Carolina in the Revolution >> Page 24

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Page 24

Reviews/Essays | Walker & James, Publishers | 1853
When Charleston was first assailed,by a British fleet and army,
in June, 1776, though Charles Lee was sent to take command
of her defences, he brought with him no troops. The army
of South-Carolina consisted wholly of native militia, " and of
the regular regiments of the adajcent northern States," the
latter amounting, in all, to about seven or eight hundred men.
When Lincoln was sent to take command, what was the order
given him by Congress ?—" To take command of all their
forces to the southward."* What constituted the regular ar-
my of General Gates, when he moved on Camden, exchang-
ing his northern laurels for southern willows ?—" Fourteen
hundred continental troops, consisting of the Delaware and
Maryland lines."f—To these were added a similar force of
militia, from Virginia and North-Carolina. The remains of
this army constituted the nucleus of that of General Greene,
for which he received no reinforcements of regulars, except
the legion of Colonel Lee, most of which were Virginia and
Maryland recruits, and a legionary corps, commanded by
General Lawson, also from Virginia. From this force of
continentals, and the native militia, under Pickens and others,
the detached command of General Morgan was composed.
When we have added to this array, a special requisition on
Maryland for seventy-five horse, and an auxiliary force from
Pennsylvania, furnished to Greene at the close of the war, as
already mentioned, we have enumerated all the States north
of South-Carolina, from which levies were ever made in her
defence. We find no proof, any where, that New England
ever supplied the States, south of the Potomac, with any
troops, except when the army was under immediate control
of the commander-in-chief, as at the seige of Yorktown. The
eastern troops,—by which we mean those of New England
never came farther south, during the whole war, than this
* Ramsay. f Johnson's Greene. t ibid.