Wlliam Gilmore Simms
South-Carolina in the Revolutionary War >> South-Carolina in the Revolution >> Page 30

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Reviews/Essays | Walker & James, Publishers | 1853
dents, were yet chiefly foreigners, who lacked that necessary
sympathy with the soil which alone teaches the sense of inde-
pendence. In this period, arose that brilliant race of partisan
warriors, who have never been surpassed, if equalled, in any
of the States. Here, from the native militia, sprang up
Marion, and Sumter, and Pickens, and Lacy, and Cleveland,
and Adair, and Davie, and Hampton, and Mayham, and
Thomas, and Bratton, and Roebuck, and a host besides,
whose deeds only want an adequate historian. What forces
won the battles of King's Mountain, and Hanging Rock, and
Blackstocks, and a hundred other places where Marion, Sum-
ter and Pickens commanded ? The forces of the Carolinas
chiefly, and, with the exception of the first named, mostly of
South-Carolina. Yet, these were militiamen, and militia
officers ; and it was in the commission of the State only, and
not of Congress, that Moultrie, Marion, Sumter, and most of
the Carolina partisans, obtained their greatest successes. By
what troops were the battles of Eutaw, and Guilford, and
Cowpens, and Camden fought? A single sentence of Mr.
Sabine, will show the answer which New-England would now
insinuate. It is some grace, in the instance of our author,
that he does not assert that we owe them wholly to New-
England valour.
The exact question is, then, not where were the battle
grounds of the revolution, but what was the proportion of
men which each of the thirteen States supplied for the con-
The suggestion is an adroit one. It does not, you will per-
ceive, directly insist that the troops of New-England fought
the battles of Eutaw, King's Mountain, Cowpens, &c., but
leaves you to infer this suggestion from the fact already in-
sisted upon, that they supplied the great bulk of the Ameri-
can army during the war. You are to suppose them here