Wlliam Gilmore Simms
South-Carolina in the Revolutionary War >> III. >> Page 119

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Reviews/Essays | Walker & James, Publishers | 1853
under cover of their ships, now ride at anchor near the ruins
of Fort Johnson. If they attempt to force our obstructions,
they will be bloodily handled. Gallies and other armed ves-
sels lie within to prevent their detaching boats to cut the boom.
If they attempt to go up Ashley river, the navigation is in-
tricate, and they will run the gauntlet of a great many batte-
ries, firing shot and shell, without being at all advanced ; for
I am persuaded they will not attempt to anchor within reach
of our cannon." [Col. John Laurens.]
" 10th April. The works of the enemy more advanced.
Our negroes employed in making a battery of five pieces in
the redoubt (M) and the soldiers on fatigue in making tra-
verses. ,This evening a parley was received from the enemy,
demanding the surrender of the town. It was refused." [De
" 10th April. Sir Henry Clinton and Admiral Arbuthnot
sent in a flag summoning the garrison and town to surrender.
To which Gen. Lincoln immediately, and without consulting
any one, sent them for answer that his duty and inclination
led him to hold out to the last extremity. This evening, Capt.
John Gilbank killed by accident in Bottar's (?) battery."
See Moultrie for the summons and the answer. Tarleton de-
scribes the defences of Charleston, on the land side, as consisting
" Of a chain of redoubts, lines and batteries, extending
from one river to the other, and furbished with eighty cannon
and mortars ; the front works of each flank, strengthened by
swamps, originating from the neighbouring rivers, and tending
towards the centre, through which they were connected by a
canal passing from one to the other. Between these outward
impediments and the redoubts were two strong rows of abba-
tis; the trees being buried slanting in the earth, with their
branches facing outwards, formed a fraise work against the
assailants ; and these were farther secured by a ditch double
picketed. In the centre, the natural defences were inferior
to those on the flanks. To remedy this defect, and to cover
the principal gate, a horn work of-masonry had been construc-
ted, which, being closed during the seige, formed a kind of
citadel. . . . Ships, with cheveaux de frieze, connected