Wlliam Gilmore Simms
The Simms Review (Vol 11: No 2) >> Pioneers, Indians, and ''Southern Adams'' in ''The Two Camps'' >> Page 8

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Scholarship | 2003
Transcription white or the Indian "camp," and what he wrote in "The Snake in the Cabin" seem
equally true for Simms the author as for Daniel Nelson and Lenewata—to wit,
that "The same snake, or one very much like it, winds his way into the wigwam
and the cabin," the snake being the domestic and community-oriented bond of
humanity both white and red men equally share (WC 160) out of what Native
American Indian scholar Paula Gunn Allen calls the pervasive "e pluribus unum"
mentality so deeply lodged in Western thought (hanksville.org), Simms saw
clearly, and presciently, how the communal "many out of many" sustained,
nurtured, and vitalized an American culture Simms believed was best preserved
by staying at home whether or not it was in a wigwam or a cabin.

Works Cited

Boyd, Molly. "The Southern American Adam: Simms's Alternative Myth." The
Southern Quarterly 41 (2003): 73-83.

Google. http://net.unl.edu/-swi/guide/stbear.html. 1 November 2003.

---. http://www.hanksville.org/storytellers/paula/. 3 November 2003.

Guilds, John C. Simms: A Literary Life. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas
Press, 1992.

---. An Early and Strong Sympathy: The Indian Writings of William
Gilmore Simms. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2003.

Jacobson, David. Place and Belonging in America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins
University Press, 2002.

Kibler, James E. "Stewardship and Patria in Simms's Frontier Poetry." William
Gilmore Simms and The American Frontier. Eds. John C. Guilds and
Caroline Collins. Athens: The University of Georgia Press, 1997.

Lewis, R. W. B. The American Adam: Innocence, Tragedy, and Tradition in the
Nineteenth Century. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1955.